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Trade & Global Markets
U.S. Trade Policy
PPI | Briefing | July 15, 2020
The Progressive Case for CAFTA
By Edward Gresser
On economic and security grounds, CAFTA is in the best interests of the United States and the six CAFTA countries, and ought to be approved.

DLC | New Dem Dispatch | June 10, 2020
Idea of the Week: Enforcing Trade Agreements
The Bush administration's unwillingness to enforce trade agreements is one major reason why the United States isn't getting as much out of trade as it did during the Clinton years.

PPI | Backgrounder | January 13, 2021
Hoover's Last Legacy: Time to Fix America's Tariff System
By Edward Gresser
Long after its Jazz Age contemporaries have faded into history, America's tariff system survives. At age 75, the tariff system is unfair, and barely relevant to U.S. employment or international competition.

The Jakarta Post | Article | June 12, 2020
The Concern Over Textile Quotas
By Edward Gresser
The WTO's Doha Round opened almost three years ago with a vision of extending trade and growth to the developing world. But one of their past successes -- the abolition of textile quotas at the end of this year -- shows that rich-country reform may not be enough.

DLC | New Dem Daily | March 4, 2020
The GOP Fiddles, Manufacturers Burn
On the very week when the Bush-Cheney re-election campaign is conducting a hugely expensive ad campaign touting the president's ability to deal with tough issues, he needs to prove he can handle an easy one.

PPI | Fact Sheet | June 11, 2020
Who Gets Hit? A Summary of Tariff Policy in 2002
With a series of tariff reforms, free trade agreements, and special duty-free programs, the United States has created a trade system that affects different countries in very different ways.

PPI | Policy Report | May 28, 2020
String of Pearls or Multi-Car Pile Up?: The U.S. Negotiates New Trade Agreements with 15 Countries
By Edward Gresser
No matter how good each specific agreement may be, and no matter how big the FTA program becomes, the truly central issues for American trade policy will not change: the Doha Round, the Free Trade Area of the Americas, the integration of Russia into the World Trade Organization, and a reshaped relationship with the Muslim world.

DLC | New Dem Daily | April 21, 2020
What's Next on Trade?
Nearly a year after Congress gave President Bush Trade Promotion Authority, U.S. trade policy is beginning to look more like a kind of economic stegosaur -- a lumbering, somnolent animal with little direction -- than something that can contribute to America's urgent economic needs.

DLC | Blueprint Magazine | December 2, 2020
Bad Policies Make Bad Politics
By Ed Gresser
Lessons from the Bush administration's klutzy foray into steel protectionism.

PPI | Policy Report | September 10, 2020
Toughest on the Poor: Tariffs, Taxes, and the Single Mom
By Edward Gresser
Examined closely, tariffs are taxes that hits poor families hardest, fail to protect jobs in light industry, and can be reformed at little cost with large benefit to the poor.

DLC | Blueprint Magazine | May 21, 2020
Bush's Protectionist Tab
By Ed Gresser
The president talks a good line, but he's not yet chaste. And it's costing poor Americans a bundle.

PPI | Speech | May 20, 2020
The Trouble With Trade Policy
By Edward Gresser
Speech text, as prepared for delivery to the American Association of Exporters and Importers, New York, NY.

PPI | Policy Report | April 19, 2020
Kind to be Cruel: Why the Bush Plan Won't Help American Steel
By Edward Gresser
Internationally, the policy seems more likely to undermine America's broader trade agenda than to advance it. While at home, the new tariffs are likely to hurt the industry through price hikes and supply shocks that depress steel consumption.

The Straits Times | Editorial | April 6, 2020
US Tariff System Hits the Poor Hardest
By Edward Gresser
For some of Asia's poorer countries, 30-per-cent tariffs are not temporary measures, like those in steel, but permanent and normal American policy.

DLC | Blueprint Magazine | March 25, 2020
Bush's Slide on Trade
By Ed Gresser
It's not yet a debacle, but it's going south fast.

PPI | Policy Report | March 25, 2020
America's Hidden Tax On The Poor: The Case for Reforming U.S. Tariff Policy
By Edward Gresser
Tariffs may now be the most regressive part of U.S. tax policy. They fall hardest on two sorts of people who can least afford them: single mothers, and impoverished Asian countries like Cambodia and Bangladesh. Reformers have at least three ways to fix the problem.

PPI | Political Memo | February 25, 2020
Trade Debate in the Senate
By Edward Gresser
In coming weeks, the Senate will take up both a "Trade Promotion Authority" (TPA) bill and a significant reform and expansion of the Trade Adjustment Assistance (TAA) program -- which assists workers afffected by foreign competitors. Together, these represent a strong and comprehensive agenda for the next five years of U.S. trade policy.

PPI | Backgrounder | January 14, 2021
Dark Victory: TPA Passage, CBI Retreat, and the Next Steps
By Edward Gresser
The House's passage last month of Trade Promotion Authority (TPA) may not be so costly as King Pyrrhus' victory over the Romans, but it is still considerably darkened by the deals made to win the final votes.

PPI | Memo | October 12, 2020
Trade Promotion Authority: The Key Questions
By Edward Gresser
Is TPA a good idea at all? And is the bill currently in the House the right one? The answer to both questions is "yes."

DLC | Blueprint Magazine | July 12, 2020
A New Look At An Old Debate
By Ed Gresser
Why Congress should give Bush trade promotion authority.

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